The University of Edinburgh has teamed up with Genus, an industry leader in applying genetics expertise to livestock production.
It will aim to boost efforts to improve the sustainability of livestock production and could include identifying "genes that provide resistance to disease, to improve the quality of bred livestock and help ensure sustainable food production for a growing global and increasingly urban population".
The project will receive substantial funding for three years to support existing and future collaborative research projects between the Roslin Institute and the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies at the University of Edinburgh.
Director of The Roslin Institute, Professor David Hume, said: "This new partnership underpins our world-leading position in the field of livestock improvement and is central to our Institute strategy of engaging with industry to ensure the maximum impact from our research.
"It provides a collaborative platform to translate insights from basic research on genetics and genomics directly into the improvement of the health and welfare of production animals."
The research team will also work towards a further global objective of improving food security, considered crucial right now.
Genus director of research Dr Dave McLaren said, "The signing of this partnership agreement represents a major milestone in our institutional relationship and is clear recognition that, here at Genus, we recognise the benefits of working with a world-leading research organisation, such as The Roslin Institute, to progress our vision of pioneering animal genetic improvement to help nourish the world."