Prime pig prices ease back after festive high point

Pig prices have eased back from a 26-month high of 151.9p/kg dwt in the final week of 2016, to below the 150p/kg mark at the beginning of February after five weeks of marginal declines.

According to the latest analysis by Quality Meat Scotland (QMS), industry sources suggest that spot pig producer prices have opened last years contract levels, signalling that the availability of pigs for slaughter is running ahead of the quantity required by processors.

Due to previous gains, producers were still paid an average of 32% more per kilo than in early February 2016.

With carcase weights opening 2017 at similar levels to early 2016, at just over 84kg, the average price for a carcase was also up 32% year-on-year, at 126.33.

When considering the factors influencing the market, it is important to think seasonally, said Iain MacDonald, QMS senior economics analyst. Traditionally, farmgate pig prices have cooled in the early part of the year and a commonly held belief is that this can be explained by consumers cutting back on spending and meat consumption after the excesses of the festive period.

However, Kantar Worldpanel data suggests the opposite, he added.

Between 2012 and 2016, the average pork sales volume during the early January to early February period was 16% higher than in the four-week period ending just after New Year.

Furthermore, the four weeks to early February was the annual peak period for pork sales in 2014, 2015 and 2016.

Perhaps then, pork is a beneficiary of a post-Christmas change in consumer spending patterns, with many cost-conscious households switching towards cheaper proteins, added Macdonald.

In contrast to this apparent lift in demand for fresh and frozen cuts of pork at the beginning of the year, the number of prime pigs handled by SPP price reporting abattoirs shows a reduction.

The three-week rolling average for the SPP sample size was 9% lower at the week ending February 4 than it had been in the week ending December 17, said Macdonald.

UK slaughter statistics also show a decline in the average weekly kill between December and January in most years, averaging 3% over the past decade.

The data suggests that pork consumption typically makes a strong start to the year but that abattoir throughput declines.

Over the past five years, prices have averaged 2% lower in January than in the preceding month.

One potential supply-side explanation could be that a lag between slaughtering and retail sales means that the rise in pig slaughter in the run up to Christmas is used to fulfil orders at the beginning of the year, he added.

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